Participate in a Case
All cases provide opportunities for participation. How an individual or organization participates in a proceeding
depends on their interest in the issues and the type of case.
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Participate as a Member of the Public
The PSC encourages public participation in its cases because public input is essential to reach the most fair and
reasonable decision possible. There are many ways a member of the public can participate in a proceeding.
1. Follow a case by accessing the case file on the PSC’s Case Management System
Anyone may obtain details about a case through the Case Management System (CMS). CMS contains information
like the docket number and title, filed documents, event schedule, and PSC staff involved.
2. Subscribe to a case file
Anyone may follow the progress of a case by accessing the public documents filed for that case through
the Electronic Records Filing System (ERF). Those interested may sign up to receive e-mail notifications
whenever a document is filed in a particular case.
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3. Subscribe to the contested case calendar
Anyone may stay informed about the schedule of events in a proceeding, by accessing the Contested Case
Calendar. Those interested may sign up to receive e-mail notifications whenever an event is added or
4. Provide a comment “for the record”
In most cases the public may submit a comment “for the record,” one that PSC will consider when making
its decision. A comment may be filed by mail, or online.
In some cases, public hearings are held as an additional way for the public to comment on a case. The
notice issued for each case contains instructions on how to attend a hearing, filing comments and the comment filing deadline.
5. Submit comments during other open comment periods
The PSC uses public comments to assist PSC staff to determine the potential environmental impacts of a
case. PSC staff notifies the public when it is accepting such comments and how to file them. PSC staff
may use these comments when conducting its environmental review, but they are not made part of the
official record in the case.
6. Attend the Commission’s Open Meetings
The Commission reviews cases and makes its decisions in Open Meetings. You can check the agenda for the
next Open Meeting and listen using the Event Calendar.
For an overview of systems and subscription options, see our
Stay Informed page.
Participate as an Intervenor/Party to a Case
Individuals and organizations, who meet certain criteria, may participate in some types of cases as parties by intervening in a case. Intervenors
might be eligible for compensation.
1. Request to be an intervenor/party to some cases
Any person or organization whose substantial interests may be affected by the Commission’s decisions, or
those who will promote the proper disposition of the issues in an investigation or proceeding, can request
to intervene. A person or organization whose request to intervene is granted becomes a party to the case. A
party may present evidence through witnesses, question witnesses of other parties or PSC staff, and file
briefs. A person or organization that is not a party to the case may not do these things. To intervene,
submit a written request to the Commission’s Administrative Law Judge (ALJ). Typically, the period to file a
request for intervention is 14 days after issuance of the notice that opens the docket.
2. File testimony and exhibits
An intervenor is responsible for filing written testimony and exhibits according to the formatting
standards and schedule ordered in that particular case.
View an example of such an order.
also required to provide copies of these documents to everyone on the case’s service list and to the
Commission. During the proceeding, parties receive copies of testimony and supporting documentation from the
other parties. All testimony is subject to rebuttal by other parties of the case.
3. Appear at hearings, be available for cross-examination, and ask other parties
An intervenor must appear at the hearing set for parties and be available for cross-examination by the other
parties and PSC staff. They are also allowed to ask other parties questions at the hearing and reply to
rebuttal directed at their testimony. All testimony and exhibits that become part of the record are reviewed
by the PSC, and can be relied upon as a basis for its decision in the case.
4. Apply for Intervenor Compensation
Each year, the PSC provides a number of different organizations and individuals with funding to help them
participate in cases. The Wisconsin Administrative Code PSC Chapter 3 Intervenor Compensation sets the
criteria used to evaluate applicants’ need for funding. Any intervenor interested in applying for intervenor
compensation can do so by completing the Intervenor Compensation Application Form.
Review this PSC Presentation for a more detailed background on intervention.